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EXCAVATIONS AT EPHESUS
The first excavations were carried out in 1859-74 on the odeon and the theatre by].T.Wood under the auspices of the British Museum. Excavations were carried out on the Temple of Artemis in May 1869. Regular excavations began in 1895 under the direction of Otto Bendore, a member of the Viennese Academy. The excavations directed by R.Heberg on behalf of the Austrian Archaeological Institute uncovered the Agora, the Theatre, the Arcadiane and the Library of Celsus. Operations were suspended during the First World War, but work was resumed in 1926. Excavations were conducted by a large team under the direction of Hermann Vetters on behalf of the Austrian Archaeological Institute.
Owing to the dense and continuous nature of the Roman settlement it was only in 1960 that the Hellenistic layers were reached.
Present-day visitors wishing to visit the Hellenistic and Roman remains at Ephesus have a choice between two entrances. If they arrive from the direction of Kusadasi they will enter Ephesus from the harbour gate. In that case the first building the visitor encounters will be: The Gymnasium of Vedius
Map of the ancient city of ephesus (plan)
1 - Vedius Gymnasium
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