textile and clothing industry, which has grown very rapidly during
the past decade and at present is one of the most important sectors
in the Turkish economy, has crucial importance in terms of economic
development. During the 1980's new horizons for the Turkish textile
and clothing industry were opened together with the "outward
orientation and export" principle that occupies a predominant
place in the economic agenda of Turkey. The share of the textile and
clothing sector in Turkey's total exports was nearly 35% in the last
3 years emphasizing this importance. Parallel to these developments,
substantial large scale investments have been made in this sector in
Turkey has always been among the main
textile and apparel producing and exporting countries in the world.
Traditionally, Turkey has been a grower and exporter of raw cotton
and manufacturer and exporter of cotton yarns and fabrics. The
amount of cotton yarn production in 1994 was around 555 000 tons.
Today, Turkey produces carded cotton yarn, combed cotton yarn and
open-end cotton yarn.
On the other hand, corresponding to
worldwide developments, the usage of synthetic fibers by Turkish
mills is also increasing at a rapid rate. Man-made fibers and yarns
produced in Turkey are mainly acrylic, polyester, polyamid,
polypropylene and viscose.
Finally it can be said that the
Turkish yarn and fabric industries are well structured sectors and
satisfactory developments has been achieved successfully in recent
The total amount of Turkish textile
and clothing sector exports have increased from $6.08 billion US in
1993 to $6.78 billion US in 1994.
The ready-to-wear garments industry
functions as the leader in the textile and clothing industry. This
industry has vital importance for the Turkish economy. Turkey has
substantial amounts of raw material sources, qualified labor and
technological know-how in the clothing sector.
The majority of clothing firms are
concentrated in and around Istanbul. Most of the remaining firms are
located in Bursa, Izmir, Adana, Denizli, Ankara and Eskisehir.
In Turkey, which is the 6th largest
cotton-growing country in the world, all types of cotton garments
with high quality standards are being produced.
Ready-to-wear garments produced in
Turkey can be classified as follows: knitted under and outer
garments, other knitted goods (including elastic and rubberized),
woven outer and under garments.
The production of this sector has
been growing parallel to the increase in sector exports. In 1994,
the total amount of production in the clothing sector reached 212
Total exports of the clothing sector
reached $4.05 billion US in 1994 with a 5% increase from the 1993
value of $3.84 billion US. The knitted clothing sub-sector is the
most important group exported with an export value of $2.53 billion
US in 1994. The woven clothing sub-sector is the other important
product group with an export value of $1.52 billion US in 1994.
The top five foreign markets for
Turkish apparel exports are Germany, the U.S.A., the United Kingdom,
France and the Netherlands.The Turkish apparel industry had entered
into a rapid process of development particularly after the 1970's.
Today, Turkey is a country which produces and exports its own
designed apparels by using its own yarns and fabrics. The Turkish
apparel industry has a good reputation in foreign markets and the
main goal of the sector is to promote and market its own brand