glass industry is one of the most important and highly developed
industries in Turkey. Historically, glass production dates back to
the Seljuk Period. Furthermore, substantial improvements were
achieved in the 17th and 18th Centuries during the Ottoman Empire.
In modern terms, the industry was established in 1935 with the
erection of the first technologically modern and industrial scale
The production of the industry has
shown an upward trend in recent years; production was approximately
1.043.659 tons in 1993. The exports of the industry were 296 843
are amongst Turkey's oldest and best known products. The first
notable ceramics from Turkey were the tiles and bricks covered with
colored glazes made in Anatolia for architectural purposes in the
The history of Turkish ceramics can
be traced back several thousand years. In the Seljuk and Ottoman
Periods ceramic art acquired new dimensions and pieces of exquisite
beauty were produced.
Commercial production of ceramics
started in 1965 with the foundation of the first technological plant
in this field. Today, there are more than 50 establishments in the
industry. A large number of them are small artisan units or
workshops which are involved in the manufacture of decorative pots,
plates and tiles.
The industry keeps on developing its
products and enriches its varieties every year. The production of
the industry in 1994 was 771 000 tons. It has a wide range of
products including ceramic household articles and ornaments, ceramic
floor and wall tiles, ceramic sanitary ware, electro-porcelain and
isolators. The exports of the industry were approximately 289 496
tons in 1994.