in parallel to its process of development, has made substantial
advances in energy production. Turkey is an energy importing
country. Almost half of the energy requirements are met by imports.
The most important primary energy resources are: hard coal, lignite,
asphaltite, petroleum, natural gas, hydraulic energy, wood, plant
and animal residues and solar energy as well as secondary energy
resources such as electrical energy, coke, briquette and city gas.
Turkeys share of the world's natural
energy resources is: coal 0.5%, geothermal 0.8% and hydraulic 1%. On
the other hand, petroleum and natural gas reserves are limited.
The total primary energy supply
increased by about 6% when compared with the previous year. The
installed energy capacity of Turkey reached about 20,857 Mega Watts
One of the most important development
decisions taken in the energy sector was to launch the
implementation of Build-Operate-Transfer model investments with
With the acceleration of
environmental activities in 1994, Turkey needs to make maximum use
of its hydro resources instead of its thermic resources.