Bursa was the Ottoman capital before Edirne. Today, unlike Edirne, it is a city
of 1.5 million people and is a repidly developing industrial and commercial center.
Because of the city's historical treasure, it will take you all day to visit Bursa and you
will want to stay in extra day.
Muradiye is the cemetery for many Ottoman Sultans and Princes who were buried in
a poetic garden in the shade of 1.000 year old plane trees. Next to this beautiful
cemetery is the 15th century Muradiye Mosque, also worth visiting.
The two mausoleum belong to the founders of the Ottoman State, Osman Bey and his
son, the conqueror of Bursa, Orhan Bey. They are located in a terrace with a magnificent
view of Bursa and beyond.
This, the "Grand Mosque" is located in the commercial center of town,
next to the covered bazaar and silk manufacturers' bazaar (Koza Han). Built at the end of
the 14th century, the Ulu Cami is an interesting example of the period before the
classical Ottoman architecture. It is worth the visit with its water fountain inside and
its pulpit which is considered to be a masterpiece on woodworking.
The district called Yesil (green) is and important part of town with its turquise
colored mosque and inner mausoleum which were built during the sultan Mehmet I period. The
tomb of Mehmed I is inside the Yesil Türbe. Mehmet I is considered to be the second
founder of the Ottoman state as he re-established the empire after the invasion of the
Mongolians ruled by Tamerlane in the 15th century. The Yesil Türbe is attractive with its
ceramics, interior decoration and woodwork on its doors. The small mosque accross the
mausoleum is a fine example of marble workmanship and glazed tiles. The Yeşil Mosque is
called the "Jewel of Bursa" because of its beauty, both inside and out.
Other Places of Interest
The Koza Han (Silk Producer's Bazaar) and the covered bazaar, including the
Bedesten must be visited when in Bursa. You will change your mind after a visit to these
places even if you are determined not to spend a penny in Turkey!
If you have time, go to the
Turkish baths in Çekirge and surrender yourself to an "expert of message and
cleansing", "tellak" if a man, "natir" if a woman. As you leave,
you will say, "I have never been so clean in my life!"
Other places of interest are the
Yildirim Bayezit Mosque, Emir Sultan and Orhan Mosque.