services in Turkey have shown a significant improvement recently.
While the number of inhabited places having automatic telephone
exchanges was 183 at the end of the year 1983, it has now reached a
total of 8016, an increase of 4280%. At present, telex services are
offered in Turkey at every point and in a wide area. International
telex communications are provided to a total of 221 countries.
International telephone communications are currently available for a
total of 221 countries; direct dialing exists with 218 countries and
there are manual connections with 3 countries.
On the other hand, teletext -one of
the modern text communication systems-was initiated as of 1986. By
means of this service, very rapid message transmission is performed
through teletext terminals linked to the telex network. Facsimile
and bureaufax services are now available in almost all the provinces
of the country.
Nation-wide synchronous data
communication service was initiated with the 2000 line capacity
electronic circuit switching (TDX) data exchanges built in Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir and Adana. It is also obvious that the packet
switching data network, which has a wide implementation field and
which displays a rapid development, provides vast possibilities for
TELEMATIC and INFORMATIC services. Being fully aware of this fact,
the General Directorate of PTT (Turkish Postal Authority) introduced
the packet switching data network in 1986 on a trial basis. To
further this system as well as to cover the demand for international
traffic with its present linkage to 23 countries through TELENET via
satellite, a greater capacity packet switching data network, namely
TURPAK, was brought into service. Thereby, reliable, high quality
and economical services have been offered to users in order to cover
all their requirements related to data communication.
Turkey has three earth stations for
satellite communications (INTELSAT, EUTELSAT, INMARSAT) and the
first Turkish satellite, namely "TURKSAT" was launched in
Apart from satellite communication
systems, Turkey has large capacity microwave radiolink systems with
her neighbors such as Bulgaria, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria.
Also, a microwave radio link system
between Turkey and Azerbaijan was established in the first quarter
The Turkish PTT, having achieved all
these significant developments, has gained considerable knowledge
and experience in planning, projecting and implementing
communication services since 1840 when it was founded. And, as a
result, of the level of telecommunication is no longer a constraint
for business transactions with Turkey.
There has been rapid development in
television broadcasting, Turkey's most important medium of mass