E R G A M U M ( Bergama )
visiting the Brandenburg Gate,a visitor to Berlin would think of visiting
the Pergamum Museu.During this visit,s/he would watch the masterpiece of
the Hellnistic Age the temple of Zeus with awe.Taking advantage of the
weakness of the Ottoman Empire towards the end of the 19 th century,the
German archaeologists carried the the temple to Germany.This temple gives
us an idea how beautiful Pergamum was once upon a time.
A.Focus of History
is located on the fertile plains watered by the Selinus river, therefore many civilizations have settled here since the ancient
times.Having been ruled by the Lydian and Persian,Pergamum was taken over
by Alexander the Great in 334 B.C. After Alexander's death,one of his
generals,Lysimachus controlled Pergamum and much of the Aegean region.
After Lysimachus'death, it became the center of a kingdom under Philetairos.Ruled by the
kings Attale and Eumene,it was the governing city for all of Western
Anotalia.According to the will of King Attalus III,Pergamum becamea part
of the Roman Empire after his death in the second half of the 2 nd
century B.C.The city experienced its golden age until the end of the 3 rd
century A.D. Especially after parchment paper was invented in this city,a
library was built containig200,000 volumes and Pergamum became a cultural
center of the Roman Empire ,on a par with Alexandria.